The Global New Energy Vehicle Supply Chain Innovation Conference, Wang Binggang, the leader of the National New Energy Vehicle Innovation Project Expert Group, revealed that version 2.0 of the “Energy-saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap” has been released in August this year. Passed the expert review in May and will be officially released soon.
One of the biggest changes is that after 10 years of China’s all-out efforts to promote pure electric vehicles, the competent authorities have renewed the comprehensive “hybridization”. It even puts forward the goal of the full “hybridization” of traditional cars in the next 15 years. It is more in line with China’s national conditions to replace the “banned fuel schedule” with a “comprehensive electric drive plan”, and at the same time, it is necessary to adhere to the route of pure electric drive.
In 2025, the fuel consumption of new passenger cars will be reduced to 4.6L/100km. Hybrid new cars will account for more than 50% of traditional energy passenger vehicles, and new energy vehicles will account for about 20% of total sales; in 2030, the fuel consumption of new passenger cars will drop to 3.2 L/100km, new hybrid vehicles account for more than 75% of traditional energy passenger vehicles, and new energy vehicles account for more than 30% of total sales. In 2035, the fuel consumption of new passenger vehicles will drop to 1.7L/100km, and all new vehicles must be hybrid. New energy vehicles should become mainstream, accounting for more than 50% of total sales.
After ten years, my country’s new energy vehicles are about to emerge from an incubation period oriented by government policy incentives and enter a period of rapid development oriented by market demand. The national policy still has to “help the horse and take a ride”, but the subsidy from the car purchaser is The main encouragement policy that has been transformed into a user-oriented encouragement policy.
Version 2.0 of the roadmap predicts the rapid development vision and phased milestones in the next 15 years: In 2025, EV and PHEV will account for 15%~25% of total sales; in 2030, 30%~40%; in 2035: 50%~ 60%.
Power battery technology must strive to meet the needs of electric drive vehicles, including energy type, energy-power type, and power type; to consider the diversity of market demand, the roadmap proposes three categories of popular type, commercial type, and high-end type, rather than a single type Leading by high energy density, adhere to the principle of safety first, and take into account performance, cost and life expectancy. Strive to build a complete power battery industry chain: system integration, key materials, manufacturing technology, and key equipment, testing and evaluation, echelon utilization and recycling, and new system power batteries.
The electric drive system will be the top priority in the future automotive industry chain. However, my country has obvious shortcomings in the technology of electric drive systems, and the electromechanical coupling decoration technology is backward. It is necessary to learn the lessons of the internal combustion engine industry and increase the independent research and development and industrial development of electric drive systems.
Charging and swapping infrastructure is an important part of the new energy vehicle industry chain. As the number of new energy vehicles grows, the integration and interaction of the vehicle network are of great significance. It is recommended that the grid system be deployed in advance.
Intelligent network technology is a new opportunity for the development of the automotive industry chain. Its industry chain structure can be described by a “three horizontal and two vertical” structure, but these are not tasks that the automotive industry can achieve exclusively, and require coordination and cooperation of multiple industries.
Attach importance to the research and development of basic software and components, and form an independent and controllable industrial chain.