Check it out, robots will take your job?
Posted in Robot Tech

Check it out, robots will take your job?

In the last issue, we talked about the safety of smart robots. In this issue, we will talk about the job issue. In other words,…

Continue Reading Check it out, robots will take your job?
Abstract: Robots have been widely used in high-tech industries such as equipment manufacturing, new materials, biomedicine, and smart new energy. The integration and development of robots and artificial intelligence technology, advanced manufacturing technology and mobile Internet technology have promoted the transformation of human society's lifestyle. 1. Overview of Robot Innovation and Development Robots are automated equipment that integrates advanced technologies such as machinery, electronics, control, sensing, and artificial intelligence. Since the birth of the robot industry in 1956, after nearly 60 years of development, robots have been widely used in high-tech industries such as equipment manufacturing, new materials, biomedicine, and smart new energy. The integration and development of robots and artificial intelligence technology, advanced manufacturing technology and mobile Internet technology have promoted the transformation of human society's lifestyle. At present, my country’s robot market has entered a period of rapid growth. Industrial robots have become the world’s largest application market for five consecutive years. There is a huge demand for service robots, the localization of core components has been accelerating, a large number of innovative companies have emerged, and some technologies have been formed. Chemical products, and has obvious advantages in some areas. (1) The development process of robot innovation Figure 1 Robot innovation and development process The first stage is the budding stage of development. In 1954, the first programmable robot was born in the United States. In 1958, the American inventor Engelberg established Unimation, and in 1959 developed the world's first industrial robot. At this stage, with the development of mechanism theory and servo theory, the robot has entered the practical stage. The second stage is the incubation period of the industry. In 1962, American AMF company produced the first cylindrical coordinate robot. In 1969, Japan developed the first robot that walks with two arms. At the same time, Japan, Germany and other countries are facing labor shortages and other problems, so they have invested heavily in research and development of robots, and their technology has developed rapidly, becoming a robot power. At this stage, with the development of computer technology, modern control technology, sensor technology, and artificial intelligence technology, robots have also developed rapidly. The robots of this period belonged to the "Teach-in/Playback" type robots, which only had memory and storage capabilities, repeated operations according to corresponding procedures, and basically had no perception and feedback control capabilities for the surrounding environment. The third stage is a period of rapid development. In 1984, the United States launched the Help Mate, a medical service robot that can deliver meals, medicines, and mail to patients in hospitals. In 1999, Sony Corporation of Japan launched AIBO, a large robot. At this stage, with the development of sensor technology, including visual sensors, non-visual sensors (force, touch, proximity, etc.) and information processing technology, sensory robots appeared. Robots such as welding, spraying, and handling are widely used in industrial industries. In 2002, the Danish iRobot company launched the vacuum cleaner robot, which is currently the world's largest-selling household robot. Since 2006, the trend of modularized robots and unified platforms has become more and more obvious. In the past five years, the global sales of industrial robots have grown at an average annual rate of more than 17%. At the same time, service robots have developed rapidly and their applications have become more extensive. Medical rehabilitation robots represented by surgical robots have formed a large industrial scale. Space robots and bionics Special operation robots such as robots and anti-terrorism and anti-riot robots have been applied. The fourth stage is the intelligent application period. At this stage, with the iterative upgrade of sensing, computing, and control technologies and the in-depth application of artificial intelligence technologies such as image recognition, natural speech processing, and deep cognitive learning in the robotics field, the service trend in the robotics field has become increasingly obvious and gradually penetrated Go to every corner of social production and life. (2) The scale of the robot industry accelerates According to IDC forecasts, the Asia-Pacific market is an absolute leader in the distribution of global robots. It is estimated that its expenditure in 2020 will reach 133 billion US dollars, accounting for 71% of the global market; Europe, the Middle East and Africa are the second largest regions; Three major markets. Figure 2 The proportion of the global robot market in 2020 In recent years, various parts of China have been enthusiastic about developing robots, industry applications have been promoted rapidly, and the market scale has increased significantly. In 2017, my country's robot market reached 6.28 billion U.S. dollars, and in 2020, it is expected to exceed 10 billion U.S. dollars. Figure 3 China's robot market scale Among them, of the 6.28 billion US dollars in 2017, industrial robots were 4.22 billion US dollars, service robots were 1.32 billion US dollars, and special robots were 740 million US dollars. It has become an important force for the steady growth of the global robotics industry. Figure 4 The proportion of China's robot classification in 2017 (3) Robot investment and financing continue to heat up 2017 is undoubtedly the busiest year for venture capital in the robotics field, and it is also a bumper year. Many robotic startups have launched seed rounds, A rounds, B rounds, C rounds, and D rounds of venture capital. The flow of capital To a certain extent, it precisely indicates the hotness of the industry. According to statistics, 158 projects in my country have received investment, with a total investment of more than 20 billion yuan. Figure 5 Investment and financing of China's robot industry in 2017 In 2017, the world's outstanding robot startups frequently reported financing news. According to incomplete statistics, 251 projects around the world received investment, with a total investment of more than US$7.6 billion. Figure 6 Global robot investment and financing in 2017 2. China's Robot Innovation Top100 Development Forecast (1) Policy influence trends In order to optimize the robot industrial structure and achieve industrial upgrading, my country has introduced a series of related industrial policies from 2013 to 2016. For example, in 2013, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the policy "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Development of Industrial Robots"; in 2015, the State Council issued the policy "Made in China 2025"; in 2016, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Finance issued the policy "Robot Industry Development Plan (2016). -2020)". Saizhi Industrial Research Institute believes that with the strong support of the government and the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, it will not only promote the continuous growth of the industrial robot market, but also drive the rapid growth of the professional and personal/home service robot market. The robot concept will continue to be popular , The market participation continues to rise. (2) Technology influence trend Intelligent technologies such as intelligent perception and cognition, multi-modal human-computer interaction, and cloud computing continue to mature, providing a solid foundation for the evolution of intelligent robots. my country is basically at the same starting line as the world in terms of artificial intelligence technology, especially in the field of multi-modal human-computer interaction technology such as image recognition, speech recognition, and semantic recognition. Some of them have approached and reached the world's leading level. In the future, we will accelerate the independent research and development of core technologies, focus on breakthroughs in key technologies of core components in the upper and middle reaches of the industrial chain, and improve the technological level and independent innovation capabilities of the robotics industry. Focusing on market demand, strengthen the tracking and integration of new technologies, carry out the reliability design and manufacturing process research of the robot system, and further accelerate the localization rate of key components such as high-precision reducers, controllers, servo motors and the industrialization of R&D innovation Process, improve the quality and reliability of high-end robot products, and enhance the core competitiveness of independent brands. Establish and improve the robot innovation platform, create a collaborative innovation carrier that closely integrates government, industry, university, research and use, actively track the future development trend of robots, and deploy forward-looking technology research such as bionic technology, intelligent materials, robot deep learning, and multi-machine collaboration. (3) Talent influence trend The era with intelligent manufacturing as the technological background has arrived ahead of schedule. Under the big data conditions of the Internet platform and artificial intelligence technology, robots are becoming more and more intelligent. This has not only improved the skills of my country’s labor force, but also opened up new For jobs, robotics engineers have quickly become a sought-after product in the industry, turning them into “intelligent talents”. In the future, cultivating multi-level and multi-type skilled talents from R&D, production, maintenance to system integration will be the key to enhancing the core competitiveness of enterprises. (4) Capital influence trend Technology and capital are the two original driving forces of industrial development. Any round of technological innovation must be strongly supported by the capital market, and the long-term benefits of the capital market often come from the grasp and cultivation of technological innovation points. At present, the global robotics industry is in the vent of capital, and my country's robotics industry capital market is also very active. The use of capital leverage in the robotics industry breaks this linear and one-way transmission mode, and forms a structured, multi-level development model for industrial development, which will push the robotics industry into a new era of capital linkage and leaping growth.
Posted in Robot Tech

Robot development status and trend analysis

Abstract: Robots have been widely used in high-tech industries such as equipment manufacturing, new materials, biomedicine, and smart new energy. The integration and development of…

Continue Reading Robot development status and trend analysis
In fact, in terms of industry technology at the current stage, this is a question with a fairly clear answer. I think the subject may still want to ask what kind of robots can enter ordinary households in the next few years or even decades. Focusing on this topic first, I think that a "domestic robot" that can enter ordinary households must meet the following three conditions: 1. The price is moderate, and personally think it is between 1,000 and 5,000 (what technical content do you think you can have if it is less than 1,000? Price? How can someone who is too expensive enter an ordinary family?) 2. It can clearly replace a certain repetitive "housework" (sweeping, tidying, cleaning, laundry, cooking... etc.) 3. It can improve the safety and comfort of family life , Leisure experience. Based on the above selection criteria and the products currently on the market, I think that being able to enter ordinary household robots is nothing more than the following: 1. Cleaning robots 2. Educational robots for children 3. "Smart home" robots. The range of cleaning robots is very wide. So, let’s first understand the well-known sweeping robot: quoted from Wikipedia: The first mass-produced automatic sweeper was introduced by Electrolux of Sweden in 1997, and was used in the science of the British [BBC] TV station. The show, introduced in Tomorrow's World. The British Dyson company launched an automatic cleaning machine named DC06 in 2001, but it was not launched on the market because of the high price. Later, iRobot in the United States launched Roomba in 2002. It was originally expected to produce 10,000 to 15,000 units. After the launch, it was very popular in the market. Only 50,000 units were sold during Christmas. Since then, many companies have introduced different models of automatic cleaning machines. So if you enter the home in 2002, it has been nearly 17 years now, and the market size of sweeping robots is also increasing year by year. The annual sales of sweeping robots in the Chinese market alone is nearly 50 billion US dollars (reference source: China Business Industry Research Institute : Research report on China's sweeping robot industry in 2018) At the same time, with the entry of more players and the advancement of technology in recent years, the price has fallen to the acceptable range of the public, which has really liberated many human sweeping tasks, especially When you kneel on the ground and lower your head to sweep the dust on the bottom of the furniture, if there is a sweeping robot, it is too cute! But the sweeping robot is not all of the cleaning robot. For example, glass cleaning robots have become more mature in recent years. Just add water and detergent and put them on the glass. Good guy, 6 has to fly, so there is no need to worry about falling. The most well-known is the German HOBOT Bo Niu automatic glass cleaning robot, the price is only 1000+. Therefore, these robots are in line with the standards for entering ordinary households in terms of price, practicality or technological maturity. Children's educational robots who have been parents may have experienced the experience of telling stories to their children. If you want to tell well, that guy, you can't just read it, you have to be emotional, and sometimes you have to take some action. For a while Snow White, another Piglet Peppa, can be male or female, human or animal, mountains, grass, trees, flowers, birds, fish and insects. All kinds of sounds need to be imitated. I feel that every parent who has experienced it can participate in the sound experience. Up. It is also based on this that since 17 years, a large number of domestic intelligent robots covered in robots and artificial intelligence, but in fact a story machine in their hearts, have sprung up like mushrooms. The offline sales of certain brands promote intelligent robots like MLMs, and that posture is quite a feeling that humans cannot do it. Closer to home, we all know that a family is most willing to spend money than the children, and children's education is the top priority. There are indeed many opportunities for AI and intelligent robots to be useful. In terms of different ages and needs, children’s educational robots can be divided into the following categories: Early education and entertainment early education robots are mostly aimed at pre-school children, so these types of robots are based on providing content as the core, plus voice interaction. Ability, in fact, they are not true "robots" in the strict sense. However, there is no alternative. This type of robot benefits from the low price brought about by the low technical threshold. Instead, it is the "robot" with the largest volume of goods on the C-side. The content is nothing more than two categories: (1) Take the story machine as the selling point, supplemented by cute shapes such as the Alpha Egg of HKUST iFLYTEK, Xiaomi Mi Rabbit, etc., the price is less than 1,000, there are many choices. (2) Using visual recognition, there are many robots that can read picture books on the market that can read picture books. While liberating parents, the cute appearance of robots is also popular with children. For example, the Wukong robot released by Ubisoft last year is cute and cute. At the same time, the picture book reading function is really worthy of praise (please allow me to carry private goods for an advertisement) The learning programming class focuses on programming education for children aged 6-12, and children can use modular parts Free collocation and combination, like Pin Lego, at the same time, you can set the action sequence for the spliced ​​robot on its matching APP, similar to modular programming, and finally let the robot complete some DIY action tasks. In the process of building and programming, it can not only cultivate children's observation ability, practical ability, abstract thinking and spatial ability, but also allow children to learn programming early to cultivate logical thinking, which can be described as entertaining and entertaining. This type of robot is already very popular in European and American countries, but it is still in an emerging period in China. The main players are Excellent Must Choose, Ability Storm, Makeblock, RoboSpace, Xiaomi, etc. To put it bluntly, the escort category is to make up for the lack of accompany of the parents and replace part of the playmate. But, to be honest, there is no robot that can perfectly solve the child care. It can only be said that many products are still working hard in this regard. But there are also some interesting exploratory products. For example, the cute spherical robot designed by Norwegian dad Kre Halvorsen for his child, MoreHex, which went viral on the Internet a few months ago. This is a robot that can translate, rotate, and roll. Several strange foreign robots refreshed my understanding of robots_scorpion​www.sohu.com When its six feet are stretched out, it can move slowly in small steps. Of course, regardless of the future I believe no robot can replace the development of robots and the support of parents. "Smart home" robot This is a word I think, in fact, it is a whole-house smart solution based on smart homes. We can regard the brain of this whole solution as a robot. Smart home is not a new word anymore. It was proposed in the 1990s, and it has developed ups and downs for many years. Formed a home robot with smart speakers as the mainstream voice terminal. In fact, everyone knows that smart homes have considerable advantages in terms of convenience, comfort, safety, and energy saving compared to traditional homes. Traditional homes are relatively cumbersome due to physical space, control methods and other factors. Smart homes allow multiple ways of control, reducing human operations. Traditional home furnishing requires manual adjustment and control. Smart home furnishing has many humanized functions, and the linkage control with automatic feedback makes family life more comfortable. Traditional home furnishings mostly use physical security. Smart homes can not only implement remote monitoring, but also improve the level of home security based on biometric identification. The energy saving of traditional homes relies on people's consciousness. Smart homes use sensors to coordinate home appliances, doors and windows, and moisture, and make reasonable arrangements automatically according to the environment. With the increasing proportion of hardcover houses delivered in the real estate market, and the pre-installation market wants to play a trick, smart home is also a direction to try. And in 2017, the scale of China's smart home market was 325.47 billion yuan, of which smart home appliances accounted for 86.9%. It is expected that the market will maintain a compound annual growth rate of 21.4% in the next three years, and the market size will reach 581.93 billion yuan by 2020. (Data source: iResearch "China Smart Home Industry Research Report 2018") Although, optical voice control is not enough to be called a "smart home robot". To go from intelligence to intelligence, we need to have an AI brain that can process various sensor data. This brain can comprehensively process acousto-optic sensors, human sensors, spatial information, external weather, user habits and other factors to provide home users with real smart services. However, we still cannot ignore that this future "smart home robot" is entering thousands of households with a steady pace. The above are some of my views on domestic robots that can now enter ordinary households. In addition, there are also many robots that seem to have a sense of technology and technology. Why can't they enter ordinary households at present? In fact, it is nothing more than 3 reasons: expensive, such as the Japanese ASIMO (English abbreviation of Advanced Step Innovative Mobility), which is known as the first humanoid robot. Since its debut in 2000, ASIMO is not only walking speed. It has reached 6 km/h, and the stairs are stable. The latest version of ASIMO's hand has 13 free movement axes, which can pour you water in addition to sign language performance. It's quite useful to think about it, I really want to buy it, right? Don't worry, it is said that ASIMO currently only rents and does not sell, and it costs about 2 million yen (approximately RMB 120,000) to rent a day. Of course, it can also be "long-term maintenance" for 20 million yen (approximately RMB 1.2 million) a year. The local tyrants are at will~ Our ordinary family is very happy to have a robot cleaner. 2. The maturity of technology is not enough to complete the tasks in the unstructured environment (family). Although it can move freely, the stairs can be considered very good at present, but in the unstructured environment of the family, light can walk It won’t work, even if you get to the top of the WeChat rankings. One is that vision technology is still unable to recognize every object in a 3D unstructured environment, and the other is that the precision of robot hand movements is far from human hands. Especially when many people throw their clothes on the sofa and hang them on the treadmill after they get home... Obviously they are embarrassing the robot and preventing the robot from entering the millions of households like you. 3. The application scenario is not suitable for the humanoid robots and robot dogs that we all know about Boston Dynamics. Its humanoid robot, Atlas, has been able to spin and jump freely on the grass since 10 years ago with so many lines connected to the ground, and now it can spin and jump in circles. The robot dog Spot can now not only carry heavy loads and open the door, it can also twist its body to be cute, and the curtain of competition with real pet dogs has also been opened. I have to say that I admire the greatness of its technology, but in the home scene, those tasks that make you want to free your hands cannot be done naturally by robots. Therefore, such soul dancers and door opening messengers have no relationship with ordinary families in the short term. Finally, you might as well imagine further, what kind of robot will be able to enter the home universally in the future? As a member of the robotics industry, I have actually asked many people a question: "If you buy a robot for your home, what functions do you want it to have?" 99% of people will answer without thinking "washing and cooking". Even if it seems to be quite a ridiculous answer at the moment, this is indeed one of the core skills that robots must have in order to enter the family in the future. Take cooking as an example. In fact, there are already cooking robots in the industry: Britain invented a "cooking" robot, which sells for 130,000 and can cook 3,000 kinds of dishes. I believe that with the development of technology, there will be a day to meet everyone's needs. https://www.bilibili.com/video/av23976516/​www.bilibili.com In the final analysis, robots cannot take care of tasks such as washing clothes and cleaning clothes in the family. One of the core reasons is that the family is unstructured. Environment, whether it is visual technology or mechanical structure, has not been developed to deal with unstructured tasks in an orderly manner in an unstructured environment like real people. However, don’t be discouraged. Not long ago (April 9, 2019) Professor Pieter Abbeel from the University of California at Berkeley announced on Twitter
Posted in Robot Tech

What are the domestic robots that can enter ordinary households?

In fact, in terms of industry technology at the current stage, this is a question with a fairly clear answer. I think the subject may…

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Shenzhen Unicom opens 5G experience, users marvel at how fast 5G speed is
Posted in 5G Technology

Shenzhen Unicom opens 5G experience, users marvel at how fast 5G speed is

As Shenzhen Unicom’s 5G limited-time experience activities are being launched, major business halls in Shenzhen have successively opened 5G services. So how can users obtain…

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